29 November 2022

New Delhi : A home ministry study conducted by its think tank National Institute of Disaster Management ( NIDM ) . has assessed economic dam ages due to floods and heavy rains at over Rs 4 lakh crone in 65 years ( from 1953 to 2018 ) . Nearly half of this has been in the last 10 years alone .

The Uttarakhand cloud burst of 2013 , better known as the Kedarnath floods , and winter rains in south India during 2015 have inflicted the highest damages in any year The report has assessed the economic losses in these two years at Rs 47,000 crore and Rs 57,000 crore , respectively.

The NIDM , after consulta tion with the Jal Shakti ministry , has recommended set ting up of an Integrated Reservoirs , Dams and River Ba sin Management Authority under the home ministry for an integrated approach to flood management . This may include central and state government departments , district administrations , scienas members .

” The role of the authority will be to promote schemes for irrigation , water supply management , drainage , generation , transmission and distribution of power within basin and sub – basin as well as inter – basin transfer , flood control in rivers and tributaries , etc. , ” the NIDM has suggested . Soil conservation and overall development of water resources will be among the priorities of the authority .

Economic Damage Due To Floods
Economic Damage Due To Floods

According to officials , the study was initiated on the direction of home minister Amit Shah who wanted a comprehensive policy approach to address floods that have become an annual phenomenon with more than 2,000 human lives lost every year , besides huge economic losses and damage to critical infrastructure . During the flash floods in Kedarnath region of Uttarakhand in 2013 , had unofficial claimed more than 6,000 lives were lost . The report , however , says only 2,180 deaths were caused by floods across India that year , including the Kedarnath incident .

This was less than the 3,400 deaths reported during the 2007 floods , the highest in any year . The other years in terms of flood damage were 2009 and 2017 , when economic consequences were assessed at more than Rs 30,000 crore , each year Damages due to floods and heavy rains were less than Rs 100 crore till 1966 . This crossed the Rs 1,000 crore a year mark in 1977 and Rs 2,000 crore in 1983 .

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